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Down Syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality that changes the course of development and causes mental and physical problems for the baby. Symptoms range from mild to severe.

Description

This disorder is known to be a lifetime disability but can be treated through a wide range of proper therapeutic, educational, and behavioral interventions including but not limited to occupational therapies, speech and language interventions, behavior modification, and parent training.

Important

It is important to note that though there are developmental issues related to Down Syndrome, many people with Down Syndrome live happy, dynamic lives well into adulthood.

Troubles Associated with Down Syndrome

  • a birth defect of the heart
  • thyroid problems
  • skeletal problems
  • low muscle tone, and difficulties with physical coordination
  • hearing problems
  • impaired vision
  • delayed language development
  • poor intelligibility of speech
  • problems with memory, concentration, and judgment, often called dementia
  • feeding Problems

Treatment

Early intervention is fundamentally important for children with this syndrome. We tend to see better treatment results for those that start treatment earlier. Common therapies for children who have this syndrome include speech-language, occupational and physical therapy; however, the treatment plan is always based on the child’s assessment. With consistent, expert care, these children can usually make progress. It is important to remember that while children and adults with Down syndrome experience developmental delays, they also have many talents and gifts and should be given the opportunity and encouragement to develop them.